As fantastic as any piece of editing software is, there will occasionally be problems, and there’s one particular recurring issue that all editors fear above all. It’s probably the most frustrating issue you will come up against—the dreaded missing file error in Final Cut Pro.
A file might go offline for several reasons. Maybe the original media was moved or deleted by mistake, or it wasn’t imported correctly in the first place. Luckily for you, there’s no reason to worry as we’re here to show you how to solve the missing file issue, once and for all.
Part 1: How to Quickly Fix the Missing File Error
The good news is that it’s easy to spot a missing file. Firstly, a yellow warning triangle will appear on the Event icon in the Browser panel. An identical error message will also be placed on the icons of each missing element when viewing in list mode. In filmstrip mode, the entire clip preview will be bright red with an alert icon and missing file title. If you’re in the middle of an edit and see these warnings, here’s how to fix it.
Step 1: Select the Clips to Relink
There are three ways to select the missing clips. You can relink anything from a single clip to the whole project.
- Highlight the individual missing clip and from the File Menu > Relink Files.
- Highlight a Project in which there are missing clips and select File > Relink Files.
- Highlight a Library or Event that have missing clips, and select File > Relink Files.
Step 2: Locate Your Files
Once you’ve selected your missing files, you’ll need to locate the original files on your device. It can be helpful to use your Mac’s Finder to make sure you know where the files are ahead of doing this. In our opinion, the Final Cut Pro file location window isn’t as easy to use as the Finder.
- Inside the Relink Files window, there’s an immediate option: Relink Missing or All files. All Files would be used if you wanted to reassign the location of clips to a duplicated location.
- By default, all missing clips searched for by clicking Locate All.
- From the list of original files, however, you can select individual items, or multiple using Command + Click. The option then becomes Locate Selected.
Step 3: Analyze & Relink
Once you have found your files, FCPX will analyze and relink them. Remember, the relinking process starts with the file name, so if you have renamed your media at any time, Final Cut might have problems finding it.
- A location finder window opens, allowing you to navigate to where you believe the missing original files to be located.
- Choose an overall location or specific item you think is the missing media file.
- Click Choose for Final Cut Pro to verify whether there is a match to the missing file. If multiple missing files are in the same location, it will all be verified together.
- Back in the Relink Files window, the lower panel now displays which clips have been matched to Missing Files. If multiple new locations need to be identified, you’ll need to repeat this process.
- Click Relink Files.
- Any clips missing within a Project timeline will now reappear and be available for playback. Crisis averted! It’s important to remember that this step cannot be undone. If you find that the wrong files have been relinked, check the tips below.
Part 2: Pro Tips & Troubleshooting
Hopefully, by following the above steps, you’re media missing woes will be fixed. But just in case your files are not relinking, or the files are incorrectly matched, here are some additional tips to keep in mind.
1. What Files Can Be Relinked?
Any files imported to a Final Cut Pro library can be relinked using these methods. They also don’t have to be relinked to exact versions of the original file. For instance, you could relink an HD video file to a 4K one for a higher-resolution alternative.
The relinked clip doesn’t even have to be the original length of the file, either. As long as each has similar audio channels, frame rates, and contain the video and audio content of the original clip, altered files can be matched. Bit of a sigh of relief, right?
2. Matching Media
Final Cut Pro helps you relink files based on how it’s arranged and organized at import. When browsing in the Relink Files window, there’s an Options button in the lower-left corner. This displays the original location of the clip based on its name and position in the directory structure.
By default, Final Cut will begin the relinking process by looking for locations or file names similar to the original. If the same file names have been retained after importing, then this is a much easier process. Any file names that are a match will be identified under the Options display.
3. Incorrectly Matched Files
When incompatible files are identified, an alert appears detailing all the criteria that do not match with the original file specifications. For example, if you tried to relink an audio file to a missing video clip. That will fail because it doesn’t have any video content.
Occasionally FCP might allow you to relink a clip to an incorrectly matched file. If this is the case, you can’t simply hit undo. Instead, you need to start the process again, this time choosing the correct clip.
In this tutorial, we’ve looked at how to identify a Final Cut Pro missing file and how to begin the relinking process. You’ve also learned how to manually locate missing clips with assistance from the application, and considerations towards what makes a clip suitable for relinking.
We know that offline media can be a considerable frustration for video editors, costing you time and valuable brainpower in the process. Hopefully, you’re now armed with the steps you need to solve the problem and get back to editing as soon as possible!