In this step by step guide, we’ll show you how to efficiently use Adobe Premiere Pro CC to crop your videos, allowing you to create stunning cinematic effects with a few simple clicks. Whether it’s replacing backgrounds on vertically shot video or creating a split screen layout, cropping is an essential skill with a plethora of uses for any editor.
Part 1: How to Crop Videos & Photos in Premiere Pro
In case you’re wondering if you’ll need to learn a whole new way of cropping for video and photos, you’ll be pleased to discover that cropping works the same for both. Follow the steps below to get started!
Step 1: Import footage into Premiere Pro
Begin by importing your footage into Premiere by going to file, import file, or hitting COMMAND + I on the keyboard.
Step 2: Add clips to the project panel
Select your clips from the browser window, and they will import into your project panel.
Step 3: Create a new composition
Drag your clip to the composition button at the bottom of the project panel to create a new composition based on the clip settings.
Step 4: Go to the Effects panel
Now, make sure you are on the effects screen by selecting ‘Effects’ from the top panel.
Step 5: Select the Crop Effect
Navigate to the Effects Menu, select the Video Effects > Transform > Crop.
A far simpler way is to use the search function at the top to find the effect as shown below.
Step 6. Add the Crop Effect to a Clip
There are two ways to add the effect to a clip. If the clip in question is selected in the timeline, all you need to do is double-click on the Crop effect to add it. Alternatively, you can drag and drop the Crop effect on to the clip you wish to edit.
Step 7. Adjust the Crop settings in the Effects Control Panel
Once the clip has the effect added, you will see the Crop function appear in the Effects Controls panel of the clip you have selected. You can crop the image in 3 ways: using percentages, the slider, or the crop handles. You can crop the shot from the bottom, top, left, and right.
Part 2: The Three Ways to Crop
Using percentages might take a bit of getting used to, but it is helpful when you want to create a specific technical layout.
Step 1: Calculate the percentages for each cropped clip
For example, you may want to create a split screen where the screen is equally divided between two clips, in which case you can simply crop the image by 50%.
Step 2: Adjust the percentage in the crop settings
Add your calculated crop settings in Premiere Pro.
If you prefer you can also use the slider to adjust the crop of a clip.
Step 1: Show the slider settings
Alongside each of the crop directions in the Effects Control Panel, there is a small drop-down arrow. Clicking on this arrow will reveal a slider.
Step 2: Manually adjust the crop
The slider gives you more manual control over the crop percentage. Use the slider to increase or decrease the crop from 0 to 100%.
Step 1: Select the clip to crop
Put your player head to the clip you want to crop, and then select the clip.
Step 2: Select the Crop Effect
Select the crop effect in the Effects Control Panel. This action will add handles to the clip in the Video Preview Window so you can manually crop your media.
Step 3: Make manual adjustments using crop handles
If you have cropped your video to the right size, but are not happy with the area of footage you have cropped it to, you can manually move the crop area by bringing up the crop handles and dragging the entire crop box around the video preview screen.
Step 4: Position the cropped media
Once you have cropped your media, you can position it on the screen as you wish using the Position controls in the Effects Control Panel. The position can be controlled using the same three methods as the crop function. Play around with the controls to find the best method for you.
Part 3: Advanced Cropping Techniques
Now you know how to crop and position your video you can easily replicate some stunning split screen videos.
Step 1: Stack clips on separate video tracks
Place your clips in separate video tracks playing simultaneously.
Step 2: Crop each video clip
The videos will pile on top of one another in the preview window. When you crop the top one, the next one will appear below it.
Step 3: Position each cropped clip
Crop and move the videos until they are laid out in a way you are happy with.
Step 4: Leave a black background between clips
If you leave space between your clips, it will automatically display black. (See Vertical Footage Cropping for background options below).
The Cinematic Look
If you want to create a strong cinematic look, with black bars at the top and bottom of the screen, don’t worry you do not have to crop individual video clips.
Step 1: Add an adjustment layer
In the Project Panel, hit the new item button, and select Adjustment Layer > OK.
The adjustment layer should appear in the Project Panel. Here’s what your screen will look like.
Step 2: Add the adjustment layer to a video track
Drag the adjustment layer to a free video track above your other videos and extend to cover the duration of your project.
Step 3: Add the Crop Effect
Using the same method as before, add the Crop Effect to the Adjustment Layer. Select the Adjustment Layer in the timeline, and you will see all the same Crop tools in the Effects Control Panel.
Step 4: Adjust the top and bottom crops
Increase the top and bottom crops until you are happy with the look you have created. The Adjustment Layer will affect all of the clips below it in the project timeline.
Vertical Video Backgrounds
Occasionally, you might need to edit using footage that has been shot vertically on a mobile phone. When imported, this will display black bars down the left and right side of the video. Using the crop tools and the methods above, you can remove the black bars from the clip, and replace it with something more appealing.
Step 1: Add a colored background by selecting Color Matte
To add a colored background to your cropped video, hit the New Item button at the bottom of the Project Panel and select Color Matte.
Step 2: Use the color picker
Click OK to bring up the color picker.
Step 3: Select your preferred color
Choose the color you would like in the background of your video and choose OK. You can name your Color Matte if you wish.
The Color Matte will appear in your Project Panel.
Step 4: Add the color matte to your clips
Drag it to the timeline, place on a free video track beneath your video and extend to cover for the entire duration.
Step 5: Consider adding images or graphic in the background
You can add images, graphics, and patterns by importing your background using the same method as importing media and placing using the same method as a Color Matte.
Part 4: Cropping vs. Aspect Ratio: What’s the Difference?
Before wrapping up, it’s essential to clarify the difference between cropping your video and changing the aspect ratio.
When you crop a video, you are removing part of the video leaving a blank space where the video has been removed. You would use cropping for stylistic editing choices, such as split screen, or vertically filmed videos, this is what we will be going over in this tutorial.
Aspect Ratio is the size at which your video is exported, keeping the video in full screen. While changing the aspect ratio might crop the video, it also changes the size and shape of the final file. You would use this when you need to export square videos for use on social media.
Cropping can be used in a variety of ways to create beautiful, dynamic video pieces that add an extra layer of professional quality to your work. All editors have their own methods of solving creative problems that arise during the post-production process, and there is no right or wrong way to use the effect.
Instead, you can add it to one of the many tools an editor needs to produce a full range of content styles. Now you have the skills to crop your video in Premiere Pro – be creative and have fun.