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How To Use The New Hue Saturation Curves In Premiere Pro CC 2019

Introduction

Hi Guys! Jordan with Motion Array and with a deeper and sicker than usual voice.   Adobe just released version 13 for Premiere Pro and it’s got some awesome new features including the one we’re going to look at today. The revamped hue saturation curves.

How To Use The New Hue Saturation Curves In Adobe Premiere Pro CC 2019

The following has been transcribed from the video above for optimal reading

So in the old version of Premiere pro, you had your hue saturation curve which was this circle which you could use to influence specific colors and their saturation.  It was limited, but it did it’s job at the time. But that’s now been replaced by 5 different curve interfaces with a LOT more variability.

We’ll go over each one specifically but to start out with the 5 curves are:

Hue vs Sat

Hue vs Hue

Hue vs Luma

Luma vs Sat

Sat vs Sat

So let’s start out with the first one.  

Hue vs Sat

This first parameter is essentially the exact same as the circular hue saturation curve in previous versions, only in a more graphical form.  Basically, the purpose of this curve is to designate a particular color range and isolate it’s saturation either to be more or less intense. Let’s show you with an example.

Here you can see that I have just a normal shot of myself in front of a somewhat blue background, and the background has somewhat of a consistent color, but it’s far from being perfectly uniform in color.  In order to isolate this color, you can either estimate where this color would fall along the graph here from left to right by using the colored indicator, or you can use the eyedropper tool here and select a segment to then have automatically indicated along your curve.  

Using this method you should see 3 dots appear.  The center one is the specific color that you selected, while the other 2 keyframes act as boundaries for your changes to not go beyond.  Raising this value here will increase the saturation of this specific color the more you raise it up. And you can see a visual readout of this in the vertical direction.  No saturation at the bottom, and lots of saturation at the top.

You can also see the shape of the graph underneath is more of a bell curve.  This particular section is experiencing the full increase of saturation, while other colors that are within this range, but not exactly the same hue, will experience a less intense saturation increase.   This helps to give a more natural graduation to your modifications. If we made the boundaries really skinny, you’d get something more like this. But conversely we can also make our boundaries much wider, decreasing the chances of harsh pixelation and poor looking color changes.   So, I think that you can start to see how these curves are more or less used, but there’s more specifics that pertain to the rest of the individual graphs. The next one is

Hue vs Hue

This graph works just like the last one, except instead lifting the graph up or down changing saturation, this changes the color hues that are in your image.  Raising or lowering the whole graph will shift the entire color spectrum of your video. But you can isolate a really specific hue and change that color alone.  Lets try it out again with the background behind me here again. I can take the eyedropper tool here and make a selection to see where on the graph this particular blue color falls.  Next I noticed that there’s not really a lot of other blue at all in the shot, so I can widen the barriers here and make a much more slow and healthy gradient to my color changes. Now when we lift up this center marker here we can see that the blue color is the only thing that’s changing.  And if you hold the Shift button you can see that our movements are locked to the vertical direction, if you have your color locked in and don’t want to move it left or right at all. You can see how well this tool does at isolating a particular color. You can also probably think of a few different uses for this particular effect. Changing the color of the sky to being a little more surreal, or completely unrealistic, or just using it to make the green summer landscape look a little more like the orange color of fall.  This is my personal favourite curve and I’m so happy that it’s finally come to premiere pro.

Okay, next up we have

Hue vs Luma

And this graph works exactly like the other two before it, except for instead of changing the specific hue or saturation of elements in your footage, it changes the brightness of elements with specific colors.  You can isolate a particular section of your footage based on it’s color, and you can tell that particular range of colors to either appear more bright and luminous, or to be darker. This tool you might not find yourself using too often, but when you need to adjust for some troublesome colors which are either distracting or not in line with the rest of your footage exposure, it can be an invaluable tool.  

Second to last we have

Luma vs Sat

This graph is actually just a slight inverse variation of the previous hue v luma curve.  It works on exactly the same principle, except instead of changing the brightness of particular color hues, it changes the saturation of elements based off of their luminance or brightness.  That might sound confusing but let me give you an example here. So normally when you think of working with saturation you might think of the basic saturation slider that just pumps everything up or down.  But this curve allows you to have more specific control over the look of your saturation. There’s a lot of different possible applications but here’s a basic one. Basically, in real life, darker elements will look less saturated.  There’s way more too that but let’s focus on that for the moment. So let’s say that we have an aggressive color grade and we notice that or color is seeping into everything, it’s really also coming out into the dark areas here which have a lot of color. If you have a stylistic goal, then cool, but this is less realistic and professional.  So if we take the luma saturation curve here and drop the left side so that the darker elements have little to no saturation, look what that does to our effect. It keeps the black and dark areas from having saturation and our image looks more professional as a result. That’s just one way you can use the luma saturation curve but it’s a good one.

Sat vs Sat

And finally we have the saturation vs saturation curve.  Yet another saturation tool that gives you more control than just the default global saturation slider.  This one can be tricky for some people, but basically it allows you to specifically manipulate the saturation of parts of the image based on their existing saturation.  It’s hard to visualize until you see it, so let’s take the curve here and let’s first treat it like a global slider adjustment. Going up or down will increase or decrease the global saturation.  But if we take the less saturated parts and drop them all the way down and increase the most saturated parts, we can see that what we’re left with is an image where only the most saturated portions of the video have color.  We can easily see that the lipstick of our subject is the most saturated point of the image. And by moving our curve back a little bit here, we can bring that out a little bit more. This isn’t the effect we want, but what I want to do is show you that when you increase the saturation of everything, certain elements can show that saturation more than others and look “too saturated” even if you like the levels in the rest of the image.  So one way to use this curve would be to give a more even look to your saturation increase. By prioritizing the elements that have less saturation to begin with, you can give a more even look to your footage.

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Thanks for watching and see you in the next video.

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